Cambodia

Provinces of Kampong Thom and Kampong Cham.
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cambodge

Context

Around 14 million people live in Cambodia, and 92% of the population lives in rural areas. Despite significant economic growth in the last ten years, social inequalities remain. Industries and services develop to the detriment of the agricultural sector. More than 25% of the population still lives on less than $0.61 a day per person.

Indicators Cambodia Belgium
Population (thousands) – 2014 15 458 332 11 203 992
Surface area (km2) 181 035 30 528
Density (people/km2) 85,39 367
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) – 2014 51,36 4,18
Life expectancy (in years) – WHO 2015 66 81
Human Development Index (HDI) out of 100 58,4 88,1
Number of doctors (per 1,000 people) 0,22 4,2
Literacy rate (%) 84,9 99
GDP per capita (PPP – $) – IMF 2013 3 056 40 760

Food and Economic Security

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The populations of rural and isolated regions are most affected by poverty; in 2008 around 340,000 people were estimated to be in a position of food insecurity. In Cambodia, agriculture still has a central role in daily life and it is a real driving force of development. Rice remains a staple food in the Cambodian diet and plays a major role in the subsistence of rural populations. Unfortunately, most crops rely on climate conditions. For this reason, many rural farms are turning more and more towards subsistence farming, consequently limiting possibilities for technical innovation.

Key figures
  • 481 recipient families, of which 73% have a female head of the family
  • 349 families have enough food provisions for the entire year
  • 31% of these families eat a complete meal at least three times a week
  • 90 Income-Generating Activities have been created
  • 6 self-help groups composed of 75 active members (SHG) have been set up
Partners in the South
  • Mode

Healthcare

soin_red_rond Health conditions in Cambodia are among the worst, particularly in the regions where our NGO works. Morbidity and mortality rates are extremely high, for adults as well as children. Healthcare is out of reach for rural households which are vulnerable and in debt. The main health problems Cambodia must contend with are linked to mental illnesses, which affect almost half the population. Non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and psychological problems are the cause of 53% of deaths.

Key figures
  • 700 diabetics and 1,347 patients with high blood pressure have been treated
  • The mental health program was extended to the province of Kampong Cham
  • The treatment of diabetic patients dropped from $10/month to $3.75/month
  • 80% of diabetics and 77% of hypertensive patients are better able to take care of themselves
  • 198 Health Volunteers have been trained about mental health problems and now treat these problems
Partners in the South
  • Mopotsyo
  • TPO